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The 10 commandments to prevent drowning of children on beaches and in swimming pools

Posted by Xanit Internacional Xanit Internacional | Posted in Miscellaneous, Pediatrics | Posted on 10-07-2019


Every year, a significant number of children die in Spain from drowning in the sea and swimming pools. To make sure that the number of casualties from previous years will not repeat, Vithas and ojopequealagua.com offer you ten recommendations to make your and your child’s holiday as fun and safe as possible.

Besides, these recommendations are tailored not only for children but for the elderly members of the family too, given that there is an elevated risk for their security when it comes to swimming in the sea or swimming pools.


Measures to prevent drowning in swimming pools   

  1. Continuous monitoring: The child must be monitored at all times by an adult who, if absent, must have another trusted guardian.
  2. Rule 10” 20”: The adult must look at the child every 10 seconds and stay at such a distance as to allow him to reach the child in 20 seconds, should that be necessary.
  3. Detecting risks: It is important to check if there is any way for the child to reach the pool alone and if so, to know how to prevent it.
  4. Protection: Incorporate safety devices that prevent the child from getting into the water in an oversight.
  5. Learning: Before the summer and from quite an early age, children should learn to float first and then to swim. In any case, the child also must be monitored while learning to float.
  6. Rescue device: Have on hand life-jacket, pole and phone to contact emergency services.
  7. Orderliness: Keep away from the pool toys or objects that attract the child’s attention, making them get closer to the water.
  8. Drainage: Make sure the drainage systems are off, and the children are away from them.
  9. Safety: Have fences, winter covers, perimeter or immersion alarms, flotation elements adapted to each child.
  10. Emergency: Learn the cardiopulmonary resuscitation sequence (CPR) and the emergency phone number (112).


Measures to prevent drowning in the sea    

  1. Always accompanied: Never let children go to the beach alone. They do not have the same perception of danger as we do and can belittle it.
  2. Better with lifeguard: Choose beaches with lifeguard service. Respect and follow their indications.
  3. Swim Vest: It is better if a child knows how to swim, but if not, in the sea, better to wear on a swim vest than swim floaties or water wings.
  4. Avoid jumps: Tell children not to jump from rocks or any elevated platform and teach them by example.
  5. Be wary of inflatables: Inflatable rubber or plastic mattresses and floaties give a false sense of security.
  6. After eating: Children should slowly enter the water as there is a risk of hydrocution in the face of sudden changes in temperature.
  7. Watch constantly: There are a lot of people on the beach. Do not leave them alone for a minute.
  8. Trust the lifeguard: If you have to do a rescue, always follow the lifeguard’s instructions.
  9. CPR saves lives: Learn the cardiopulmonary resuscitation sequence (CPR) and the emergency phone number (112).
  10. Protect children from the sun: Apply SPF 50 sun cream frequently, make sure they wear a cap, sunglasses, light clothing, sunscreen lip balm. Heat strokes can be fatal in the water.

*These recommendations are extendable to swamps, water reservoirs or ponds that form on some beaches when the low tide.

By following these recommendations you and your family will enjoy a refreshing and safe holiday.

Happy summer!

Specialists from Vithas Costa del Sol health group offer nutritional and physical advice for a healthy Easter Week processions

Posted by Xanit Internacional Xanit Internacional | Posted in Miscellaneous, World Xanit | Posted on 12-04-2019


We are getting ready for a week full of passion, with some of us actively participating in the Brotherhoods processional parade that will make their way through the streets of Spain starting tomorrow. And although we understand the importance of devotion among people, the precautions must be taken when it comes to long processions when, given certain lack of preparation, can end up leaving a mark on our health. That is why today, Dr Antonio Narváez, Head of Traumatology Department at Vithas Xanit, Dr Diego Fernández, Head of Endocrinology and Nutrition Department at Vithas Xanit, and Rafael Díaz Soria, physiotherapist at Hospital Vithas Parque San Antonio, part of the Vithas health group, wanted to offer us some healthy advice so that the members of the brotherhood (nazarenos) or those carrying large floats (pasos) can have a season of healthy penance.


Paying attention to what we eat the days before and during the processions

– Nutrition must be taken care of by everybody actively taking part in Holly Week’s celebrations.

– Participating in Semana Santa parades without adequate nutrient intake can lead to lipothymias and lower blood glucose levels, as well as muscle cramps or even muscle injuries.

– Before embarking on processional activities, we should eat foods with great nutritional value such as cooked rice, wholemeal pasta and fruit and nuts.

– Avoid heavy meals and animal fats as fats can hinder physical performance due to the laborious digestive process required.

– During the processions, we should opt for small snacks, fresh and dried fruit, including walnuts or almonds as a source of energy.

– Proper hydration is also very important if possible avoiding fizzy drinks. We can also opt for infusions or isotonic drinks to restore electrolyte balance.


A good warm-up and stretching correctly during the processions are of great importance

From the physiotherapeutic point of view, the best prevention of injuries that can occur during the processional parade is the prior physical preparation.

– Wearing a lumbosacral corset during the procession is recommended, gradually loosening it towards the end of the procession.

– Functional bandages on ankles can help prevent injuries, especially on irregular terrains.

– Wearing suitable footwear that protects the ankle and if possible with air chamber for good distribution of weight on the feet.

– Post-processions, we advise applying local ice packs for 12-15 minutes at the level of the joints of the lower limbs, local heat packs at the level of the shoulder muscles to help relax the contracture and to stretch shoulder and cervical muscles, as well as lower limbs.

– Applying ice to inflamed joints, as well as a good physiotherapeutic treatment for muscle injuries.


All the above recommendations can help us avoid the most frequent injuries in people carrying the floats:

Joints: Inflammation of the acromioclavicular joint and shoulder. Knees also suffer on inclined terrains and the ankles when the terrain is uneven.

Spine: There is an asymmetric axial load on the spine that can cause inflammation of small posterior joints with pain and muscle contracture and sometimes displacement of the intervertebral disc with consequent compression of the nerves that go to the limbs, resulting in sciatica pain.

Contractures: Fibrillary breaks can sometimes occur, mainly in calves and quadriceps.