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Spring allergies

Posted by Xanit Internacional Xanit Internacional | Posted in Allergies | Posted on 04-04-2019

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Spring brings along nice weather, the flowers are blooming and blossoming, however, annoying allergies also emerge. This is due to the fact that in spring the pollination period starts.

In the province of Málaga, from early on in the year, we can experience pollination of various trees and grasses, starting with that of cypress between February and March, followed by banana trees and wall pellitory in March and April and the pollen season of grasses and olive trees we can experience from April to June. When talking about spring allergies we should not forget those caused by dust mites; allergens present all year round (but more pronounced in autumn and spring).

The problem is that there are increasingly more people with more than one respiratory allergy at the same time. The evidence shows that common allergies and some more unusual ones are usually produced by plants and trees that flourish in certain areas, whose pollen particles weigh enough not to travel at a distance through the air, therefore affecting only those who live very close. In these cases, it is more challenging to reach an accurate diagnosis, sometimes due to difficulties in identifying the plant, and in others, due to the lack of specific tests and treatments for all species, not only for the most common ones.

What are the symptoms of respiratory allergy? 

People with respiratory allergies usually have a mixture of the following symptoms: nasal congestion, sneezing, itching of the nose, lacrimation, eye pruritus, respiratory distress, dry cough, wheezing, etc. They are always coinciding with the months of pollination of the plant/tree in question.

If you suspect that you are suffering from a respiratory allergy, we would recommend you to consult a specialist in allergology for diagnostic tests and, if necessary, the specialist will indicate a specific treatment with a vaccine targeted at your particular allergen.

Both the frequency and intensity of symptoms are always important because the choice of treatment will depend on them. Not all people with respiratory allergies need to get vaccinated.

People suffering from respiratory allergies and whose symptoms occur with a sufficiently high frequency or intensity, following the relevant study by the allergist, shall be indicated the specific immunotherapeutic treatment, including the administration of anti-allergic vaccines. For the control of symptoms, meanwhile, you should be using antihistamines, nasal, topical corticosteroids, inhaled corticosteroids, bronchodilators, etc.

The atopy or condition of the allergic individual also has to do with genetics. Having a family history of both parents being positive for a certain type or types of allergies makes you more prone to suffering from the same. What determines the development of allergies is a mixture of these genetic factors, environmental factors and the existence of exposure to the allergens. To give one example: a person living in Stockholm will never develop an allergy to olive pollen (as much as he/she may be genetically predisposed) because the nearest olive tree will be thousands of kilometres away.

In some cases, with the administration of vaccines, allergies can be cured, but in most cases what happens is that the symptoms are greatly minimised to the point that the patient gains ostensibly in quality of life. We should not forget that vaccines also prevent the progression of symptoms (the transition from rhinitis to asthma) and the emergence of new allergies.